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Solution Manual (Download Only) for Introductory Statistics Using SPSS 2nd Edition By Herschel Knapp ISBN: 9781506341002 ISBN: 9781544326290

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Solution Manual for Introductory Statistics Using SPSS 2nd Edition Knapp

Solution Manual for Introductory Statistics Using SPSS 2nd Edition By Herschel Knapp, ISBN: 9781506341002, ISBN: 9781544326290

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
About the Author
PART I: STATISTICAL PRINCIPLES
1. Research Principles
Learning Objectives

Overview—Research Principles

Rationale for Statistics

Research Questions

Treatment and Control Groups

Rationale for Random Assignment

Hypothesis Formulation

Reading Statistical Outcomes

Accept or Reject Hypotheses

Variable Types and Levels of Measure

Continuous

Interval

Ratio

Categorical

Nominal

Ordinal

Good Common Sense

Key Concepts

Practice Exercises

2. Sampling
Learning Objectives

Overview—Sampling

Rationale for Sampling

Time

Cost

Feasibility

Extrapolation

Sampling Terminology

Population

Sample Frame

Sample

Representative Sample

Probability Sampling

Simple Random Sampling

Stratified Sampling

Proportionate and Disproportionate Sampling

Systematic Sampling

Area Sampling

Nonprobability Sampling

Convenience Sampling

Purposive Sampling

Quota Sampling

Snowball Sampling

Sampling Bias

Optimal Sample Size

Good Common Sense

Key Concepts

Practice Exercises

3. Working in SPSS
Learning Objectives

Video

Overview—SPSS

Two Views: Variable View and Data View

Variable View

Name

Type

Width

Decimals

Label

Values

Missing

Columns

Align

Measure

Role

Data View

Value Labels Icon

Codebook

Saving Data Files

Good Common Sense

Key Concepts

Practice Exercises

PART II: STATISTICAL PROCESSES
4. Descriptive Statistics
Learning Objectives

Videos

Overview—Descriptive Statistics

Descriptive Statistics

Number (n)

Mean (µ)

Median

Mode

Standard Deviation (SD)

Variance

Minimum

Maximum

Range

SPSS—Loading an SPSS Data File

Run SPSS

Data Set

Test Run

SPSS—Descriptive Statistics: Continuous Variables (age)

Statistics Tables

Histogram With Normal Curve

Skewed Distribution

SPSS—Descriptive Statistics: Categorical Variables (gender)

Statistics Tables

Bar Chart

SPSS—Descriptive Statistics: Continuous Variable (age) Select by Categorical Variable (gender)—Female or Male Only

SPSS—(Re)Selecting All Variables

Good Common Sense

Key Concepts

Practice Exercises

5. t Test and Mann-Whitney U Test
Learning Objectives

Videos

Overview—t Test

Example

Research Question

Groups

Procedure

Hypotheses

Data Set

Pretest Checklist

Pretest Checklist Criterion 1—Normality

Pretest Checklist Criterion 2—n Quota

Pretest Checklist Criterion 3—Homogeneity of Variance

Test Run

Results

Pretest Checklist Criterion 2—n Quota

Pretest Checklist Criterion 3—Homogeneity of Variance

p Value

Hypothesis Resolution

a Level

Documenting Results

Type I and Type II Errors

Type I Error

Type II Error

Overview—Mann-Whitney U Test

Test Run

Results

Good Common Sense

Key Concepts

Practice Exercises

6. ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis Test
Learning Objectives

Videos

Layered Learning

Overview—ANOVA

Example

Research Question

Groups

Procedure

Hypotheses

Data Set

Pretest Checklist

Pretest Checklist Criterion 1—Normality

Pretest Checklist Criterion 2—n Quota

Pretest Checklist Criterion 3—Homogeneity of Variance

Test Run

Results

Pretest Checklist Criterion 2—n Quota

Pretest Checklist Criterion 3—Homogeneity of Variance

Comparison 1—Text : Text With Illustrations

Comparison 2—Text : Video

Comparison 3—Text With Illustrations : Video

Hypothesis Resolution

Documenting Results

Overview—Kruskal-Wallis Test

Test Run

Results

Good Common Sense

Key Concepts

Practice Exercises

7. Paired t Test and Wilcoxon Test
Learning Objectives

Videos

Overview—Paired t Test

Pretest/Posttest Design

Step 1: Pretest

Step 2: Treatment

Step 3: Posttest

Example

Research Question

Groups

Procedure

Step 1: Pretest

Step 2: Treatment

Step 3: Posttest

Hypotheses

Data Set

Pretest Checklist

Pretest Checklist Criterion 1—Normality of Difference

Test Run

Results

Hypothesis Resolution

Documenting Results

?% Formula

Overview—Wilcoxon Test

Test Run

Results

Good Common Sense

Key Concepts

Practice Exercises

8. Correlation and Regression—Pearson and Spearman
Learning Objectives

Videos

Overview—Pearson Correlation

Example 1—Pearson Regression

Research Question

Groups

Procedure

Hypotheses

Data Set

Pretest Checklist

Pretest Checklist Criterion 1—Normality

Test Run

Correlation

Regression (Scatterplot With Regression Line)

Results

Scatterplot Points

Scatterplot Regression Line

Pretest Checklist Criterion 2—Linearity

Pretest Checklist Criterion 3—Homoscedasticity

Correlation

Hypothesis Resolution

Documenting Results

Negative Correlation

No Correlation

Overview—Spearman Correlation

Example 2—Spearman Correlation

Research Question

Groups

Procedure

Hypotheses

Data Set

Pretest Checklist

Test Run

Results

Hypothesis Resolution

Documenting Results

Alternative Use for Spearman Correlation

Correlation Versus Causation

Overview—Other Types of Statistical Regression: Multiple Regression and Logistic Regression

Multiple Regression (R2)

Logistic Regression

Good Common Sense

Key Concepts

Practice Exercises

9. Chi-Square
Learning Objectives

Video

Overview—Chi-Square

Example

Research Question

Groups

Procedure

Hypotheses

Data Set

Pretest Checklist

Pretest Checklist Criterion 1—n = 5 per Cell

Test Run

Results

Pretest Checklist Criterion 1—n = 5 per Cell

Hypothesis Resolution

Documenting Results

Good Common Sense

Key Concepts

Practice Exercises

PART III: DATA HANDLING
10. Supplemental SPSS Operations
Learning Objectives

Data Sets

Overview—Supplemental SPSS Operations

Generating Random Numbers

Sort Cases

Data Set

Select Cases

Data Set

Recoding

Data Set

Importing Data

Importing Excel Data

Data Set

Importing ASCII Data (Generic Text File)

Data Set

SPSS Syntax

Data Set

Data Sets

Good Common Sense

Key Concepts

Practice Exercises

Glossary
Index